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Keiji Nakazawa

Obituary: Keiji Nakazawa, 1939-2012

“Our generation must continue to tell of the horrors of atomic bombs and war.”
Keiji Nakazawa, 1939-2012

Keiji Nakazawa

Keiji Nakazawa

A-bomb survivor Keiji Nakazawa, creator of the Barefoot Gen manga series, passed away on December 19th. He was 73 years old and had been suffering from lung cancer.

Keiji Nakazawa was born in Hiroshima in 1939. He was six years old when the A-bomb was dropped on Hiroshima towards the end of the Second World War. Nakazawa’s father, older sister and younger brother were trapped under the rubble of their destroyed house and perished in the firestorm that engulfed the city. His mother, and an infant sister died several weeks after the bombing. Apart from Keiji Nakazawa himself, the only members of his immediate family who survived the bombing were two brothers who were away from Hiroshima when the bomb was dropped.

After moving to Tokyo in 1961 Nakazawa published his first manga in 1963. From 1966 he began to use the manga genre as an outlet for his feelings and as a way of expressing his hatred of war and as a way to come to terms with what he had experienced.

Kuroi Ame ni Utarete (Struck by Black Rain), published in 1966, tells the story of an A-bomb survivor who asks an American black marketeer, “Who are you to talk about justice when you massacred hundreds of thousands of innocent people in Hiroshima, in Nagasaki, in the firebombing of Tokyo? Was that what you call justice?”, before killing him.

Ore Wa Mita (I Saw It), published in 1972, is Nakazawa’s autobiographical account of what he witnessed in Hiroshima from the immediate aftermath of the bombing up until he left in 1961.

Then, in 1973 he created the first of his famous manga series, Hadashi No Gen (Barefoot Gen), which is more loosely based on Nakazawa’s own experiences than Ore Wa Mita.

English language version, 2004

English language version, 2004

The main character of Hadashi No Gen is a six year old boy who lives in Hiroshima with his family. The story commences in 1945. Gen survives the bombing of Hiroshima but sees his father, brother and sister die in the flames, trapped beneath their destroyed house. The rest of volume 1 follows Gen as he struggles to survive the immediate aftermath of the bombing on 6th August.

The nine volumes that followed over the next twelve years trace Gens fortunes as he grows up struggling to survive as the war draws to a close and in the early years of postwar Japan.

Barefoot Gen has been translated into more than ten langauges and over 6.5 millon copies of the ten volumes of Barefoot Gen have been sold.

Barefoot Gen was also turned into two animated films and a Japanese television drama.

Nakazawa was planning to release a sequel to the Barefoot Gen series, but he abandoned those plans as his health and eye-site deteriorated. Nakazawa was diagnosed with lung cancer in September 2010.

A private funeral was held on 21st December.

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An Introduction to the Barefoot Gen Manga Series by Keiji Nakazawa

en11Hadashi no Gen (Barefoot Gen) is a Japanese manga story about a boy, Gen, who is in Hiroshima when the city is destroyed by the atomic bomb on 6th August 1945.

The manga was created by Keiji Nakazawa is based on his own experiences as a Hiroshima a-bomb survivor. Just like Gen, Keiji Nakazawa was a schoolboy in Hiroshima in August 1945.

The story begins in 1945 in Hiroshima where the six-year-old Gen lives with his family. Gen lives with his father and mother and his older sister and younger brother. Gen’s mother is pregnant at the time of the a-bombing. Gen has just arrived at school when the bomb explodes. Protected by a wall, he survives and rushes home through the destroyed city, witnessing many horrific scenes of death, destruction and suffering as he goes.

When he gets back home he discovers his father, brother and sister are buried alive beneath the ruins of their house. His mother is in the street, desperate to help them, but she and Gen are unable to pull them free before they are consumed by the advancing flames.

This clip from the animated film version of Barefoot Gen shows the moment when the bomb exploded and what happened to Gen immediately after:

The Barefoot Gen manga series follows the fortunes of Gen as he survives the immediate aftermath of the bombing and struggles to build a new future for himself, his mother and a young boy whom they adopt into their family.

Keiji Nakazawa began creating manga about the atomic bombing of Hiroshima after the death of his mother in 1966. His first story, Kuroi Ame ni Utarete (Struck by Black Rain), was about Hiroshima a-bomb survivors and the postwar black market. In 1972, Nakazawa wrote directly about his own experience in a manga story titled Ore wa Mita (I Saw It), published in monthly comic compilation, Shounen Jump.

After that, he began work on Barefoot Gen. Barefoot Gen is notable not only for the graphic account of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, but also for its criticisms of Japanese militarism and wartime propaganda. In the first volume of the ten volume series, Gen’s father is arrested and beaten up in custody for expressing anti-war sentiments and Gen has a difficult time of it at school as a result.


Hadashi no Gen has been translated into several languages and was one of the first manga to be published in English. Several film versions have also been made.

Keiji Nakazawa

Keiji Nakazawa

Recently, Keiji Nakazawa agreed to be interviewed by Tomoko Watanabe of ANT-Hiroshima about his experiences in Hiroshima and in the aftermath of the Second World War in Japan. The interviews were filmed and made into a documentary DVD, released by Tomoko Corporation.The film, Hadashi no Gen ga Mita HiroshimaHiroshima as Seen by Barefoot Gen– will be shown in Hiroshima and Tokyo at special showings during August 2011. Click here for details.

The DVD may be purchased via the Tomoko Corporation website – please note that at present only the Japanese version is available.

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